That is, the range of the intelligibly human already embraces diversity think of how impoverished our models of understanding would be if we could only rely on our individual selves.
In the Mencius 2A2such a person possesses a kind of equanimity or heart that is unperturbed by the prospects of fame and success. New Essays in the Comparative Philosophy of Religions. This means that not only is the task of comparison fundamental to what philosophers do, but also the thought worlds examined may be incommensurable even though they come from the same cultural stream.
As Mencius portrays it, then, Shun's actions strike a balance between the different values in tension with one another. Or one's explanation can reasonably imply convergence or similarity of belief.
The Three Jewels of the Tao are compassion, moderation, and humility. On The Edge of the Third Millennium. Ames, Roger and J. Some utilitarians have strongly held to the theme that each counts for one in calculating what produces the greatest good, and they have derived challenging consequences from that theme for the question of what one should be prepared to give to alleviate the suffering of strangers see Singer,and Unger,arguing that the way many in affluent nations indulge themselves and their own is simply insupportable in a world of widespread and severe suffering.
Perhaps the lesson to draw is not that Chinese thinkers lacked metaphysical concerns but that they did not separate practical from metaphysical concerns in the way that contemporary Western thinkers might. Many of the students offered up responses as to instances when they got hurt by simply being mad at someone.
Finally, recall the case of the Buddhist ideal of impersonal concern being brought to bear on a debate in Western philosophy over the viability of ideals of impersonal concern.
The fact that there are developments of each tradition that bring each closer to the other may suggest that each could learn from the other. These are dangers one can recognize but not always avoid successfully, because success may require knowing a lot about the other tradition when it is hard enough to master a single tradition to the point where one can avoid saying silly things about it.
Shun manages to honor both values at different moments in his dealing with the situation. Is it more charitable, Richardson asks, for a translator of Machiavelli's The Prince to resolve ambiguities and seek to maximize agreement between Machiavelli and ourselves?
It certainly fits better with a naturalized conception of human beings as part of this world and not as Cartesian thinking substances that somehow operate apart from the rest of nature.
Legalism is a pragmatic political philosophy, whose main motto is "set clear strict laws, or deliver harsh punishment", and its essential principle is one of jurisprudence.
State University of New York Press. To act according to ritual propriety is not simply to conform to notions of appropriate behavior in this or that context. What is Comparative Philosophy? Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, and African philosophy are examples of area studies philosophy fields, in which the work done need not be comparative.
I also thought that the PowerPoint presentation went very well. Grouping them during the second activity also helped the students to learn the material through their peers. On the other side, a tradition that has tended to value the idea of social harmony at the cost of sufficiently protecting dissenters who desire to point out abuses of power or just plain bad thinking by authorities would do well to look at another tradition that does not value social harmony as highly but has endured and is vigorous.
It introduced the Golden Rule essentially, treat others as you would like to be treatedthe concept of Yin and Yang two opposing forces that are permanently in conflict with each other, leading to perpetual contradiction and changethe idea of meritocracy, and of reconciling opposites in order to arrive at some middle ground combining the best of both.
American Philosophical Association, Buddhism presses for the possibility that impersonal concern is humanly possible, and the fact that it is a vibrant and long-lived tradition with many committed practitioners provides some support for the viability of impersonal concern as a ideal that is capable of claiming allegiance and influencing how people try to live their lives see Flanagan, for a reference to Buddhism in support of the viability of such an ideal.
Most famously, Zhungzi's Cook Ding cuts up an oxen so smoothly and effortlessly that his knife never dulls, and it is if he is doing a dance with his knife as it zips through the spaces between the joints.
And what counts as a reasonable explanation in particular cases will be set within the context of one's larger theories about persons and societies, among other things.
Ivanhoe, La Salle, Ill.: They conceive of their work as a process of conversation in which philosophical progress is made and all the traditions are altered in the resulting narrative. They have as a result imposed upon Daoism an irrational mysticism focused on a metaphysically absolute Dao.
After going around the room and having the students compare and share their answers, I moved on to the conclusion part of the lesson. In some ways, his philosophy parallels Western utilitarianism. A frequent criticism from the Western side is that Confucianism fails to provide adequate protection to those legitimate interests an individual has that may conflict with community interests.Chinese philosophy is the intellectual tradition of the Chinese culture from their early recorded history to the present day.
The main philosophical topics of Chinese philosophy were heavily influenced by the ideas of important figures like Laozi, Confucius, Mencius and Mozi, who all lived during. Chinese Philosophies: Differences in Confucianism, Daoism and the Legalist Philosophy in Ancient China essays Through the centuries China adopted several philosophies into its culture.
Three of these philosophies are Confucianism, Daoism, and the Legalist philosophy of ancient China. Comparative philosophy—sometimes called "cross-cultural philosophy"—is a subfield of philosophy in which philosophers work on problems by intentionally setting into dialogue various sources from across cultural, linguistic, and philosophical streams.
The ambition and challenge of comparative. Comparative philosophy brings together philosophical traditions that have developed in relative isolation from one another and that are defined quite broadly along cultural and regional lines — Chinese versus Western, for example.
Important Chinese philosophies, Confucianism, legalism, and Taoism developed. Do Now: Identify one difference between legalism and Confucianism China Review What are two natural barriers that influenced the development of civilization in China?
Ancient Chinese Philosophy. Definition. by Cristian Violatti published on 17 June Chinese philosophy is the intellectual tradition of the Chinese culture from their early recorded history to the present day. The main philosophical topics of Chinese philosophy were heavily influenced by the ideas of important.Download